NEUROSCIENCE APPLIED TO MATERNITY AND PATERNITY
SCIENTIFIC OBJECTIVES OF FUNDEVAS
Scientifically EVALUATE the physical and emotional well-being of the mother, the baby and their type of attachment
FINANCE research on the most effective methods for brain development during pregnancy and the first year of life
Give GUIDELINES and establish PROTOCOLS for families and health professionals with the goal of optimizing the neural development of babies in the womb and newborns
Promote the CREATION of a LABORATORY of cognitive neuroscience applied to babies (electro-encephalography, near infrared spectrometry, etc.)
Support PUBLIC POLICIES that promote the foundations of health in adult life through comprehensive protocols in early childhood, with special attention to the most disadvantaged groups (electroencephalography, near infrared spectrometry, etc.)
Why is an action necessary in the first 1000 days?
There are numerous reports from Harvard, UNICEF, WHO, etc. . which show, from the perspective of neuroscience, that the stage of greatest plasticity and brain development of the human being occurs in the first 1000 days, with the important consequences derived in terms of physical health, development of implicit memories, mental health, cognitive and behavioral development.
From conception to the first year of life, it is also the stage of greatest myelination of vagal motor fibers and the formation of implicit memories and the lower limbic system, key to coping with stress, as well as the middle limbic system, which regulates our emotional conditioning, which also develops at this stage.
In terms of public health, it is the most important and effective stage to carry out interventions for the detection and treatment of possible disorders and optimization of brain development.
Therefore, development in the first 1000 days is key to physical, emotional and mental health with consequences throughout adult life.
The appearance of most neuronal connections occurs during the period in which the greatest neuronal growth occurs, which is in the third trimester of gestation, suggesting that they are formed before the acquisition of cognitive skills in later childhood.
Influence of the environment
In the construction of the human psychism, the influence of implicit memories is critical in the stage that ranges from the emotional and physical state of the parents before conception to the first 1,000 days of a child's life.
Investing in early childhood
Early childhood development directly influences the economy, health, and social consequences for individuals and society. Early actions can put children on the right path to optimal positive development, and prevent poor outcomes in adulthood.
Why is an action necessary in the first 1000 days?
1.- It is the stage of greatest brain development: between 10,000 and 15,000 connections are created, and most are established before birth (in 24 months = 20 million connections per second).
2.- At this stage, brain plasticity is maximum: up to 2 years of age, plasticity is maximum and effort is minimal, and the curve is reversed at 30 years of age, where the effort begins to be greater than plasticity to produce a change in the nervous system. It is easier and less expensive to build strong brain circuits in the first few years than to intervene or "fix" them later.
3.- In this stage there is the greatest development of implicit memories that are created and are the only ones possible during the first years of life, and which include habits, sensitization and classical conditioning, as well as perceptual and motor skills.
4.- From conception to the first year of life, the belief system is configured, which condition our behavior in adult life.
5.- It is the stage of greatest development of the lower limbic system, key to coping with stress and the environment, and which regulates our emotional conditioning.
ECONOMY AND SOCIAL IMPACT
It is the stage with the highest return on investment: the benefits and savings in terms of public health and social impact are immense. Early childhood development directly influences the economy, health, and social consequences for individuals and society: Greater investments must be made in early childhood to see higher returns in education, health, and productivity.
The James Hecqumann Equation : “Early childhood development directly influences the economy, health, and social consequences for individuals and society: Greater investments must be made in early childhood to see greater returns on education, health and productivity ”.
20% of pregnant women have some mental depressive symptoms during this stage and 10% of babies are premature.
The health system only measures physical variables in pregnancy without strengthening the foundations for a better development of the baby and the bond.
In the first 24 months of life there are 20 million neuronal connections per second
It is estimated that the economic savings in physical diseases per year in the US derived from investment in early childhood is 670 billion
From conception to the first year of life, this is the vital stage in which the highest profitability is obtained in the "investment": 13%
Links of interest
The brain and all other body systems interact with each other as they adapt to the environment (cardiovascular, endocrine, immune, metabolic regulation). Because all the biological systems of the body are connected, supporting families with young children and strengthening relationships is not only a foundation for social-emotional development, school readiness, and future learning; they also strengthen the building blocks for a life of physical and mental health.
Experiences during the prenatal period and the first 2/3 years affect lifelong health. Policies and programs that reduce stress, prevent exposure to toxic substances, and support expectant mothers and families with young children will result in better lifelong health rates and save thousands of dollars. millions in healthcare costs.
Persistent inflammation in response to chronic adversity can have long-term detrimental effects on physical and mental well-being.
Bernard Devlin (University of Pittsburg School of Medicine and Psychiatry): analyzed more than 200 studies on intelligence and concluded that only 48% is due to genes and the remaining 52% is due to prenatal care, environmental context and The education.
Across the research theory of attachment, it is estimated that almost 40% of the population suffers the consequences of a lack of secure attachment.
20% of the child and adolescent population have mental health problems.
Spanish Association of Neuropsychiatry: only one in five children and young people are adequately diagnosed.
White Paper on Child and Adolescent Psychiatry: half of mental disorders appear before the age of 14 and more than 70% before the age of 18.
In its final observations to Spain, Unicef already considered it a priority in 2018 for Spain to adopt a national policy on child and youth mental health.